Three New Ideas in the Field of Ancient History
||The Gnostic Gospels and Acts were authored c.325 CE as a reaction to the Constantine Bible
||Evidence of systematic Christian identify theft suggests Arius may not have been a Christian,|
but in fact a Platonic theologian, and may be identified with the Gnostic Leucius Charinus
||Constantine commisioned the fabrication of the New Testament and its history 312-324 CE
||Chronological index of articles related to the field of ancient history in the 4th century.
Frequently Asked Questions
The New Testament Gnostic Gospels and Acts, etc were authored by non Christian Platonists
after the Council of Nicaea as a literary reaction to Constantine's Bible
and between the years of 325-336 CE - not between the years c.100-c.400 CE.
An alternative chronology for the lost authorship of the Gnostic Gospels
|Bart Ehrman quoted - on the Christian Exterminators||Editor paraphrasing - on the "history" of the Gnostic Exterminatees|
to establish Christian Orthodoxy
not only won their theological battles,
they also rewrote the history of the conflict"
|We have 4th century comparanda evidence for the modus operandi of the "history rewrite"|
The victors retrojected the Nicaean Controversy into a fabricated pre-Nicaean history,
by the insertion of references and mentions of popular 4th century "Gnostic Gospels and Acts"
into their special "Ecclesiastical Version" of the "Historia Augusta"
that the victorious views had been embraced
by the vast majority of Christians
from the very beginning ...
has a long and distinguished history ...
the debate lasted three hundred years."
The false history rewritten by the victors declared the debate lasted "three hundred years",
but despite the fact that we'd like to believe them, and assume they told the truth, they lied.
Authorship of the "Gnostic Gospels" commenced c.324 CE in reaction to the Constantine Bible.
Pachomian renegades reopened the "book debate" in Coptic. Others reopened it in Syriac.
The practice of Christian forgery certainly has a long and distinguished history,
|"Lost Gnostic Histories",|
via Eusebian Retrojection
Arnaldo Momigliano: "But I have good reason to distrust any historian
who has nothing new to say or who produces novelties,
either in facts or in interpretations, which I discover to be unreliable.
Historians are supposed to be discoverers of truths.
No doubt they must turn their research into some sort of story
before being called historians. But their stories must be true stories. [...]
History is no epic, history is no novel, history is no propaganda
because in these literary genres control of the evidence is optional, not compulsory.
~ Arnaldo Momigliano, The rhetoric of history, Comparative Criticism, p. 260
Following upon research for this exhaustive tabulation of all the Gnostic Gospels and Acts, etc this article consists of a critical examination and analysis of the all the evidence available and relevant to questions such as ...."Who were the Gnostics"?, "When did they manufacture their codices"? "Why did they design these weird stories about Jesus and the Apostles?" "Why were these books banned by the church?" etc . The review debunks the idea of "early Christian" authorship for these texts, and offers a revised chronology. The review includes all the Nag Hammadi material, which is available here as a distinct subset of the texts.
Much (but not all) of the New Testament Apocryphal corpus is essentially a Homerization of the Canon, and was authored in the aftermath of the Council of Nicaea. It mimics the canon. A clever and studiously inventive author of Hellenistic romance narratives took a leaf out of Constantine's Bible. The history of Eusebius was falsified, perhaps later, to obscure the appearance of these very popular additional unauthorised tractates. These unauthorised stories about Jesus and the Apostles were the subject of imperial edicts for their destruction by fire. It was prohibited upon pain of death to have in one's possession copies of these writings. They were called the "Hidden Books" or the "Apocrypha". Preservation of these works (we think of Arius) was achieved at remote locations in Syria and Egypt, in Syriac and Coptic, away from the authority of the state church.
Platonists were victims of Christian indentify theft.
Arius of Alexandria was not a Christian presbyter
Arius of Alexandria was a Platonic theologian.
Arius is to be identified with Leucius Charinus
A systematic pattern of evidence discloses that the 3rd century apostolic lineage of the academy of Plato was the victim of numerous indentify thefs which were subsequently used to bolster the 3rd century apostolic lineage of the academy of the Christians.
Leucius Charinus and Arius of Alexandria are One Person
From the available sources we examine the questions:
(1) what do we really know and dont know about Arius of Alexandria, and
(2) what do we really know and dont know about Leucius Charinus.
We explore the intriguing ancient historical possibility that these two authors could in fact be the one and the same person. The life, the memory, the books and the very name of Arius of Alexandria were significantly subject to Constantinian damnatio memoriae in the fourth century. At this time, the name of Leucius Charinus commences to appear in an more unambiguous historical sense.
Constantine commissioned the fabrication
of the New Testament Canon and its "history"
"It was", thought the Emperor Julian c.362 CE,
"expedient to set forth to all mankind
the reasons by which he was convinced that
the fabrication of the Christians
was a fiction of men composed by wickedness".
ABSTRACT: Outlining of the argument used in the thesis, the scope of the evidence, and brief
HISTORICAL REVISIONISM: What is Historical Revisionism? What is Historical Integrity?
EUSEBIAN FICTION POSTULATE: Draft Specifications by Authors of Antiquity (2008)
||Introductory Articles - Constantine, Eusebius, Roman Gravitas and the mainstream paradigm
||Constantine Liberates Rome from its senate: The politics of fiction, gold and power.
||Imperially sponsored Scriptoria of Eusebius - Literature Interpolations and Forgeries Index:
||Absolute Military Supremacy: Blueprints of Intolerance, Persecution and Fraud (Antioch & Nicaea)
||Dispossessed Greeks flee "Christian Civilisation": Ascetics & establishment of Desert Monasticism
||Arius of Alexandria, non christian ascetic academic, "reproaches, grieves, wounds and pains the Church".
||Appearance of the Gnostic Gospels & Acts: reactions against the New (and "strange") Testament.
||Knowledge Burning by the (new) Christian regime - persecution and intollerance
||The Nag Hammadi Codices - time capsules from an epoch of religious intolerance
||The Heresey of the Nicaean priest - Marcellus of Ancyra: Were the 318 "Attendees" coerced?
||Anathematising Public Opinion about Jesus Christ: "The highways were covered with galloping bishops"
||A Register of Popular Public Opinion (unfavorable) about Jesus Christ: Anathemas were necessary..
||The Arraignment of the Emperor Julian against Christianity: "Fiction of men"; "monstrous tale"
||The Council of Laodicea: Prescriptions against the Vile Heretics and their "Banned Books"
||Censorship of "the lies of Julian": Censorship of beliefs in "fictional Jesus" refuted and burnt.
||The History of Ammianus Marcellinus: Appears to be missing the obituary for Constantine.
||Nestorius's Publication on Heresies: The Ex-Archbishop of the City of Constantine wrote too much
||Cyril's Censorship of Nestorius: Nestorius was anathematized for writing about the heresies
||Censorship Masterlist - The Decretum Gelasianum: Eusebius, Damasius and the Index Librorum Prohibitorum"
||Where is the archeological evidence for pre-Nicene christianity?: What does the C14 say?
||What then existed if Christianity did not?: the "pagan milieu" and the "Therapeutae of Asclepius"
||Ancient Pearls of Wisdom: "The Hymn of the Pearl", and Lithagoel's TAOPATTA (NHC 6.1)
||Further related articles
||Playing Poker with Constantine and the "Christian Poker Association": Looking on the bright side of life
The Three Decades of Constantine's Rule: "The Good", "The Bad" and "The Ugly" (from 325 CE)
Ardashir and Constantine: Creation of centralised State Monotheistic Religions in antiquity
Constantine: Background notes; Hans Pohlsander and others.
Constantine the Great Fascist: Some Quotes of Hitler from the twentieth century that may fairly be placed directly into the mouth of Constantine in the fourth century
How Constantine severed the Greek Guardian Class from Civilisation: Diagram by diagram background to the boundary events of c.325 CE.
Eusebius of Caesarea
Eusebian integrity: Assessment on the integrity of his character
The Testimonium Flavianum: A chronological summary of Censure
Eusebius Forged the TF: An article by Ken Olsen
Making Fruit Salad of the Testimonium Flavianum: "Is the TF the genuine apple?" [Kookaburra Jack Article.pdf]
The Historia Augusta - was this known forgery produced in the scriptoria oversighted by Eusebius and Constantine?
Authors of Antiquity
The Imperial Persecution of "Early Christians" - A Critical Review of the Evidence
A Pageant of Christian Identity Frauds masquerade in the Academy of Plato - Eusebius and indentity theft
Philostorgius - on the "Council" of Nicaea
Rufinius of Aqueila - on the "Council" of Nicaea
Socrates Scholasticus - on the "Council" of Nicaea
Hermias Sozomen - on the "Council" of Nicaea,
Theodoret of Cyrus - on the "Council" of Nicaea, and
Marutha of Maiperqat - on the "Council" of Nicaea.
Theodore of Mopsuestia - Commentary on the "Council" of Nicaea.
Epiphanius of Salamis - Brief mention of the "council"
Eusebius Pamphilus of Ceasarea - the "Council" of Nicaea as mentioned in Vita Constantini.
But wait .... a recent fragment of Philip of Side could be quite revealing ....
Philip of Side - fragments: At the "Council of Nicaea" "there were present very many philosophers"
The Desert Fathers (male and female)
A chronology of the monastic movement of Egypt and Syria for the fourth and fifth centuries. The influence and the corruption of the bishops, such as Theophilus, and the beginnings of the Origenist controversies. The "Tall Brothers". (DRAFT)
Ascetic Practices in antiquity
A collation of information and data relating to asceticism in antiquity. (DRAFT)
ANALYSIS OF THIS LETTER An analysis of this letter discloses a great deal of information about what Constantine thought about Arius of Alexandria.
Who was Arius of Alexandria?: The author of stinging impious profane tractates at variance with the orthodoxy. Banned and damned eternally by Constantine and all who followed in his footsteps.
Who was Leucius Charinus?: The author of the five Leucian Acts is certainly a very shady character. He and his works are mentioned in a great range of very colorful language. Perhaps the most illustrious of descriptions is provided by Photius, who writes:
THESIS: Leucius Charinus and Arius of Alexandria are One Person: We examine the questions what doe we really know about Arius of Alexandria amd what do we really know about the author who is called Leucius Charinus. We postulate that these two authors could be one and the same person in Arius of Alexandria.
Comprehensive tabulation of Gnostic Gospels and Acts: A tabulation of over one hundred of the texts of the New Testament apocrypha, with links to the English translations, mainstream chronology, WIKI articles, GOOGLE indices, quotations, summaries, comments, and other important data. The table is categorised into the following sections (with totals): The Gnostic Gospels (23), The Gnostic Acts (29), The Gnostic Wisdom Sayings (10), Letters and Correspondence (8), Gnostic Apocalypses/Revelations , (12) and Gnostic Treatises (25).
Radiocarbon Dating the Gnostic Gospels: The C14 results are available for two separate Gnostic Gospels: the Gospel of Thomas (NHC 2.2) and the Gospel of Judas. This article reports that C14 dates published by National Geographic are the uncalibrated radiocarbon age estimates and that the dates are required to be subjected to radiocarbon calibration. As a result of this, the epoch in which the manufacture of Gnostic codices occurred, appears to be after the Council of Nicaea, and not before.
The Apocrypha at a Glance: A compilation of commentary concerning the nature of the entire set of new testament non canonical literature. Much (but not all) of the New Testament Apocryphal corpus is essentially a Homerization of the Canon, and was authored in the aftermath of the Council of Nicaea. It mimics the canon. A clever and studiously inventive author of Hellenistic romance narratives took a leaf out of Constantine's Bible.
The Apocrypha Masterlist:
Listings of the entire New Testament Apocryphal literature
(1) according to the mainstream chronological estimates, and
(2) according to the type (ie: Acts, Gospels, etc).
The Non Canonical "Leucian Acts": Analysis of a number of the standard translations of the non canonical "Acts of the Apostles" reveals a distinct signature of anti-christian polemic. This article examines an index of these non canonical "Acts" which appear to be easily explained as being written in opposition to the Constantine Bible, and the authority, authenticity and aptitude of Constantine's top-down emperor cult "christianity" with respect to the ministry of spiritual knowledge (gnosis), and of the role and tradition of healing. The authors appear as ascetic priests, with knowledge of discourse on the embodied soul, the ascetic path and the ministry of healing previously extant in the empire under a number of ancient gods, perhaps the most popular being Asclepius. Sample analyses of anti-christian polemic and satire include the following texts:
A Brief Examination of some of the Gnostic Gospels and Acts, etc
Syriac Acts of Philip: Is Philip annoying? - Fourth Century Humour at its best
TAOPATTA: The Acts of Peter and the (11, 12 or was it 13?) Apostles
The Acts of Andrew and Matthew: Casting lots for world dominion.
The Acts of Peter and Andrew - Aggressive wizards, camels, needles.
The Acts of Thomas: Judas refuses Jesus' commands; Jesus sells him into slavery
The Act of Peter: Peter forgets to heal his own daughter.
Acts of Pilate: Pilate tells the Jews that Jesus heals by the power of Asclepius
The Gospel of Nicodemus: Leucius & Karinus experience resurrection, to record the Descent and Ascension, disappearing with a flash
Epistle of Titus, the Disciple of Paul, on the State of Chastity: An extract from this barbarous text is summarised
Other Gnostic Gospels and Acts, etc
The Gospel of Philip: Exactly where did Jesus often kiss Mary? On her forehead? on her cheek? on her lips?
The Acts of Paul: Aesops Fables in the Acts of Paul (The Baptised Lion Affair)- Paul baptises a talking lion in the wilderness. When thrown to the lions at the conclusion Paul meets a christian lion in the arena.
The Acts of John: Jesus does not leave footprints in the sand. John cannot seem to touch Jesus' physical body
The Gospel of Peter: Jesus is lead from the tomb and his head is higher than the sky; The cross follows along behind Jesus at a walk. The cross speaks its own talk. It says "YEAH!".
Acts of John the Theologian: The Emperor Domitian receives complaints about a new and strange nation of Christians
The Gospel of Judas: Judas is presented as one of twelve "daimons". None of the twelve "daimons" can look at Jesus in the eyes. Jesus is presented as a "Head Daimion" or sorceror.
The History of John: (from the Syriac) - specifically states: "This history was composed by Eusebius of Cęsarea"
The Gospel of Mary - Featured and publicised heavily by Dan Brown in his novel "The Da Vinci Code. Mary is presented in having exclusive knowledge not given to Peter. As a result, Peter is peeved. "Did He really speak privately with a woman and not openly to us? Are we to turn about and all listen to her? Did He prefer her to us?
Infancy Gospel of Thomas: The Child Jesus as a malevolent trickster wizard
The Acts of Titus - Titus is the Apostle to Crete! The Acts of Titus represents Barnabas as raising Paul from the dead at the Pisidian Antioch.
The Acts of Barnabas - "deliberately imitate the Lucan Acts".
The Revelation of the Magi - An entertaining story of the Magi, their history, their role in attending the birth of the Jesus Star
The Nag Hammadi Codices
TAOPATTA: NHC 6.1 - The Acts of Peter and the (11, 12 or was it 13?) Apostles
The Letter of Peter to Philip (NHC 8.2) - In fine Homerian melodrama Jesus asks the apostles "Why [TF] are you asking me"?
The Apocalypse of Peter: (NHC 7.3) - "As the Savior was sitting in the temple in the three hundredth (year) of the covenant ...."
The Interpretation of Knowledge: NHC 11.1 - "But our generation is fleeing since it does not yet even believe that the Christ is alive. .
The Exegesis on the Soul: NHC 2.6 - In this text the sayings of the LXX, and the sayings of Jesus and the sayings of Paul are completed by a trinity of citations from Homers "Odyssey".
Asclepius 21-29: NHC 6.8 - instruction from Hermes (Trismegistus) to Asclepius. The text reveals the persecution of the epoch ....
The Prayer of the Apostle Paul: NHC 1.1 - consists of 11 sentences containing a total of 19 abrupt demands.....
Plato's Republic at Nag Hammadi: NHC 6.5 - Comparing Plato' Republic in the Nag Hammadi coptic to the Original Greek reveals that the monsters of Plato's ancient fables "have now become natural creatures", and are loose in the Republic.
Eugnostos ("Right Thinking"), the Blessed: NHC 3.3 --> NHC 5.1 --> NHC 3.4 "The Sophia of Jesus Christ" - Process of "Christianization".
Trimorphic Protennoia: Makes use of fully developed Neoplatonism and thus need to be dated after Plotinus.
(See also further comments on some of the above at this page.)
The non canonical New Testament texts in the papyri: What do the Greek Papyri say?
Knowledge Burning in the 4th Century: A tabulation of citations evidencing the destruction of libraries, or the destruction of temples (within which many non-christian libraries were associated), or the destruction of specific books, and works of authors and/or groups, some of which were sought out to be burnt. The Nag Hammadi codices discovered 1948 are in fact conjectured to be books which were hidden in order to enhance their preservation.
Did the Index Librorum Prohibitorum commence in the fourth century?: Most sources maintain that the "List of Forbidden Books" were published by the Papacy from the fifteenth century, however there are a number of documentary sources which themselves suggest that Constantine and Eusebius already had a catalogue of books which were "forbidden under punishment of death". We find out in the next century that some of these books had been authored by the son of the devil. These needed special treatment by the orthodoxy.
Hellenism as a Fourth Century Heresy: According the Panarion ("Against Heresies") of Epiphanius of Salamis, bishop of the later fourth century, the first seven heresies (in a compendium of eighty) were as follows: (1) Barbarism, (2) Scythianism, (3) Hellenism, (4) Judaism, (5) Stoicism, (6) Platonism, and (7) Pythagoreanism.
The Sixth Codex
NHC 6.1: The Acts of Peter and the Twelve Apostles
The sixth codex is intriguing, since it contains, as indicated above, treatises by Hermes, the spiritual master of the scribes. The sixth book contains reference to Asclepius, and with the exception of the very first text within it, the other (seven) texts of Book Six at Nag Hammadi are very much heavy duty non-christian. At first glance, the first text in the book (NHC 6.1) appears by name to be christian. But is it indeed Christian? The text centers upon the character of a mysterious Pearl Man called Lithargoel, who expounds the allegorical story of the Road to the City of the Pearl, which city Lithargoel tells us is named Nine Gates. The text may be entitled The Acts of Peter and the Twelve Apostles, but the story is focussed upon this mysterious physician and healer Lithargoel. In fact, the apostles are presented as inept, continually seeking food and shelter, lacking in basic cognitive skills, lacking in healing skills, lacking in ascetic discipline, lacking in basic memory skills, and even in basic counting skills, since the number of apostles in the story is presented variously as either eleven (in the text) or thirteen (in the subject title) but nowhere twelve, as per the Canonical Acts. In this series of articles, TAOPATTA is explicated as an allegorical story of the ascetic path and the related skills of the ascetic physican and healer, the citizen of the city of "Nine Gates" (the human body). However, TAOPATTA is also a consistent parody highlighting the inauthenticity of the christian apostles in the spiritual ministry.
NHC 6.5: A gnostic and purposeful misrepresentation of Plato's Republic
NHC 6.6: Preserving Hermes: Hermes - to the father of the universe
NHC 6.8: Hermes to Asclepius : Hermes - to the father of modern medicine, Asclepius
Though it has in it nothing divine,
by making full use of that part of the soul
which loves fable and is childish and foolish,
it has induced men to believe
that the monstrous tale is truth.
Canon 33: No one shall join in prayers with heretics or schismatics.
They who are of the priesthood, or of the clergy,
shall not be magicians, enchanters, mathematicians, or astrologers;
nor shall they make what are called amulets, which are chains for their own souls.
And those who wear such, we command to be cast out of the Church.
Constantine and Zero Ayanamsa: The divergence of the Tropical and Sidereal Zodiacs
Barbarians: Terry Jones Documentary/Book Review and notes.
The Evolution of Christs and Christianities: Jay Raskin - Book Review and notes.
The Gnostic Discoveries: The Impact of the Nag Hammadi Library : Marvin Meyer (2005) - Book Review and notes.
The Essence of the Gnostics: Bernard Simon (2004) - Book Review and notes.
ARIUS Heresy and Tradition: Rowan Williams, Revised Edition (2002) - Book Review and notes.
The Legacy of Greece: Oxford University Press (1921) - Section on "RELIGION" by W. R. Inge - Notes
Letters: Collection of the letters of Constantine.
Histories: Collection of histories of Constantine.
Pythagorean Aphorisms: Iamblichus
Plato's One, Spirit, Soul: "The One is supreme, Spirit comes next, and Soul last. These three are not equal.
Essenic Wisdom: Essenic philosophy and its use in scripture.
Life of Secundus: Philosophy meets Emperor; translation by Ben Perry
C. Suetonius Tranquillus: The Twelve Caesars; lecture notes, resource materials
Trade Guilds of the Latter Roman Empire : Thesis in Economics, 1925 - Freda Utley (1899-1978) mentions the Constantinian Chrysargyron (Poll-Tx)
Chrestos & Christos : The sources of chrestos and christos in antiquity.
Apollonius of Tyana: Resource Materials for Ancient History Students.
Witnesses to the Historicity of Jesus: by Arthur Drews (1912)
Extracts from the Codex Theodosianus (313 to 453 CE): English translations of much of Book 16
The Three Hundred and Eighteen Nicaean Fathers (325 CE): An Index of Citations
The Ancient Education System at a Glance: Aristotle's Three Modes of Persuasion in Rhetoric
The Holy Trinity of Plotinus: Did Plotinus write "Against the Gnostics"? Did Plotinus have twelve disciples?
The Apostolic Lineage of the ACADEMY of PLATO: Identification of false Eusebian assertions of "Christians" in the "Academy of Plato"
The Technology of the CODEX: A Collation of articles and resources related to the chronology of the codex.
1001 Questions & Comments about Ancient History and Biblical Criticism and History (BC&H)
Arnaldo Momigliano: Ancient Historian (1908-1987); Reviews of articles, resource notes.
Robert M. Grant: "Early Alexandrian Christianity" - Eusebius and the Life of Origen.
Edward Gibbon : Extracts from "The Decline And Fall Of The Roman Empire"
Charles Freeman : "The Closing Of The Western Mind" and "AD 381: Heretics, Pagans and the Christian State"
Diagramatic Overviews of related Chronologies: Various related chronologies with diagrams.
External Papers: External resource papers, articles, publications, websites and other publications
External Introductory Resources: Useful Introductions to the Ancient History of the New Testament Literature