Is Christianity an organic or an invented religion?
Christianity was an invented religion. Unambiguous evidence of Christianity, the New Testament, Christians and Jesus, does not exist before the appearance of the Constantine Bible.
Did Jesus Christ really exist?
No. Like Bilbo Baggins, Gandalf the Grey and Harry Potter, he was a literary invention.
Where did Christianity really come from (Geographically)?
What are the true origins of the literature of Christianity?
The canonical books were
fabricated under the commission of
What historical and archaeological evidence is there for the Historical Jesus?
The New Testament: claimed as primary evidence, but was fabricated.
Eusebius’s “Church History etc”: claimed as secondary evidence, but was forged.
Mention in Josephus claimed from the 4th century, but was interpolated by Eusebius.
Mention in Pliny claimed from the 15th century, but no manuscript survives.
Mention in Tacitus claimed from 11th century of “Chrestians” – ultraviolet reveals tampering
Mentions in Suetonius, Marcus Aurelius, Lucian, Galen etc are interpolations
The Persecutions are Eusebian
propaganda, “The Martyrs of
Unambiguous Inscriptions and Papyri, securely dated do not exist before the 4th century
Primary dating via C14 is being overlooked, secondary dating of paleography is being used as a category of primary dating.
Three different types of
Christian architecture have been conjectured:
Is the Bible an amalgam of contemporary religious and spiritual beliefs? Of which century?
YES, but also of literary works. The 4th century sees the necessary ingredients appear naturally.
Was Christianity invented to justify and complete a concept of heresy/infidel?
YES. In the Letters of John the prescription of the most abominable antichristian behaviour is described by those unbelievers who refused to confess that Jesus had appeared in “the flesh” – in history. These people were to be known as the “antichrist”. The authority of the Emperor was placed behind the integrity of the new testament, and anyone who ridiculed or questioned the sacred scriptures represented an affront to the majesty of the Emperor.
Was Christianity invented to justify conquest and imperialism?
Retrospectively, the New Testament might be perceived as a political manifesto against everything in the Greek civilisation, particularly any and all formalized religious cults. Once all religious opposition was destroyed by the end of the 4th century, rulers of subsequent centuries used the Christian religion to justify conquest and imperialism.
Was Christianity seen by Romans of the 4th century as a bulwark to Persian monotheism?
Yes, its purpose was to
strengthen and unify the
Was Christianity used as the moral code of conquest by the Romans to claim the East?
was introduced in the surviving histories as the religious ideology by which
There are two
Was his conversion to Christianity the culmination of
Did he convert to his own
religion for the people? (See above).
How much was
Constantine had commissioned
their authorship, editorship and manufacture after securing
How was the bible produced?
What was the reaction of
What was the reaction of
Those Alexandrian Greeks who did not believe in the Bible at all, publicly ridiculed the sacred scriptures in the theatres. The reaction was controversy. See Arius.
Imperial expansion: what is retained, what is destroyed, what is built in the name of the new Emperor?
The most ancient and highly revered temples to Asclepius (the Healing God, son of Apollo, son of Zeus) were destroyed to their foundations. Christian basilicas are constructed over these foundations. This practice was to be continued by Christian emperors for centuries.
Who were the new religious leaders, and how were they appointed?
Church and state – which became powerful?
Both supported each other and
both became powerful. By means of
persecution and destruction the church killed off it’s
so-called heretics and became the supremely dispensed religion in the empire by
the end of the 4th century.
The orthodox church which was defined by its
following of the canonical books in the Constantine Bible was the eventual
victor, and rewrote the history of the conflict from
Who were the main characters of these times?
Constantine and his select group of barbarian chieftains.
Eusebius and his scriptoria of select professional scribes.
Pachomius, the Monastic settlements
II and the other sons of
Athanasius and his scriptoria of select professional scribes
The gnostic and Arian heretics
Pachomius, the Monastic settlements and the Nag Hammadi Codices
END GAME characters
How did these characters interact to establish and build the early church?
Constantine and his select group of barbarian chieftains fought to establish the church.
Eusebius and his scriptoria of select professional scribes fabricated the new testament and history.
Pachomius, the Monastic settlements represent the refugees fleeing Christianity
How did they make it so powerful and long-lasting?
It was an emperor cult and
was cultivated from the top down. Once the opposition religions were
prohibited, the orthodox followers of the authoritarian
Who won and who lost?
Constantine won supreme control of the Roman empire 324 CE
The temple based religions were destroyed or prohibited 325 CE
The books of Plato and Euclid via Porphyry were burned 325 CE
The Constantine Bible was replicated 50 times 325 CE
The books, name and memory of
The Gnostic authors briefly won popularity but were eradicated with their books.
The orthodox followers of the Constantine Bible became supreme.
Is religion seen by leaders as a method of social control?
Seneca is reported to have written that “Religion is true for the common people, false for the wise and useful for the ruler.” The more power the ruler has the more useful the religion becomes. When the ruler has absolute and supreme power, the religion becomes absolutely and supremely useful to the ruler.
Do such leaders implement rules and laws accordingly?
“Religious privileges are reserved for Christians”
“At death people shall have the right to leave property to the church”
Does society need these sorts of rules to actually exist?
NO. These are Draconian laws. (“Throw-Back” even by 4th century standards).
Influence from the East: Buddhism, Manichaeanism, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, colonies of Alexander
The Manichaean problem had
worried Diocletian. Large numbers had converted in the 3rd century.
The Romans did not want to tolerate a high profile Persian sage. They wanted
someone within the
Roads from the East – assimilation
Roads to the East – Conquest
Constantine staked the gold
reserves he obtained in Briton to raise mercenaries to take Rome,
and the gold reserves he obtained in
What was the legacy of these conquests?
The final legacy was the
“capture” of the
How was Christendom established (the kingdom of the church and the kingdom of god)?
By the support of the people who desired to support the new supreme ruler of the empire, and by the sword and the army, and by the construction of Christian Churches and the appointment of Christian Bishops in all the dioceses.
How were Christian Councils of authority established in antiquity?
(1) The Council of
(2) The Council of
(3) The Council of _____ (336 CE)
(4) The Councils of Constantius (337-360 CE)
(5) The Councils of the Endgame (363-444 CE)
Constantine’s Chief Agent Ossius convened most of the earlier councils, while
How were Bishops and Popes established in authority in antiquity?
The role of “Pontifex Maximus”
as the collegiate head of all the “Pontifices” of the religious cults extends
back to the 7th century BCE.
Julius Caesar bribed his way into the role in 63 BCE. Between 63 BCE and
c.367 CE the role was held by the Roman Emperors. The list of bishops and popes
provided by Eusebius for the period before
How may the move from Pan-Hellenic empire to Christian Empire be described?
As a successful hostile takeover, by means of a fabricated Emperor cult which valued the Constantine Bible over and above all other literature of the Pan-Hellenic civilisation.
What was really destroyed in the library of
The absolute lack of any mention of either Jesus, the books of the new testament, the Christian church and/or “Christians”. This appearance of lack of authenticity was an embarrassment to the popularity of the dominant Christian regime.
Where else were libraries destroyed?
Yes. There were major libraries associated with
the major temples of Asclepius at Aegae and
When did we begin to measure years from Anno Domino?
The system was devised in 575 CE but not widely used until the late 8th century.
Georgian calendar 500 CE made birth of HJ zero coinciding with reign of Augustus, start of new Age of Aquarius, star of the east, conjunction of planets?
Time was to be recorded from the new god of the Christian Age. Since Jesus did not exist if we need to name a person for the beginning of the age it might be Apollonius of Tyana.
Did scribes fiddle with historiographies to account for and justify biblical events?
Yes. It seems to be a tradition.
What is the link between astronomers and astrologers, scribes and religious leaders, military and heads of state?
The elite of the educated classes were represented on the “Sacred” and “Collegiate Assembly of the Pontifices” – who traditionally served and advised the succession of Emperors in various matters.
Who manipulated who?
The powerful classes manipulated those classes with less power, who in turn manipulated those classes with lesser power; and so on into slavery.
Was power a two-way street or did the Emperor hold the power?
The Emperor held the power over the army, so long as he paid them in gold.
Is the Emperor answerable to God?
The succession of Emperor’s each patronized various divinities, and perhaps saw themselves as in service to these Gods.
Has the collection of historical data accelerated over the last fifty years?
There have been an increasing
number of recent archaeological and manuscript discoveries that have been
entirely managed by the academic community rather than Church Officials. Earlier the
Has there been an increase in multi-disciplinary co-operation over the last fifty years?
Yes. The increasing trend in specialization continues to support the increase of multi-disciplinary studies, and many aspects of co-operation have been enhanced since the 1990’s by the emergence of the internet. The invention of radiocarbon dating has provided new insights into the age of Gnostic manuscripts, and the invention of multi-spectral imaging has enabled previously illegible ancient writings, on papyri fragments etc, to become far more legible.
Are long held concepts of our past being questioned?
Yes. People are free to ask questions that in centuries past would not have been tolerated by the religious communities and the church.
If the data does not fit the theory, must the theory be changed?
Yes. The theory of the historical Jesus after centuries of research does not appear to be supported at all by the available evidence. This theory is based on the postulate or the hypothesis that there was a real historical Jesus. The data suggests that this postulate could be wrong, and that the preferred postulate to be explored is that there was no real historical Jesus. Theories based on this postulate are often termed “Myth Theories”.
Is the bible and Christianity more the product of the 4th century than the 1st?
Yes. To the extent that Christians preferred to use the codex (a manufactured book) rather than the scroll, Christianity appears as a product of the 4th century. When the history available to the 1st and 4th century is compared, there are a great number of events and historical figures in the 2nd and 3rd and 4th centuries which, if taken into account, suggest that Christianity was produced of the 4th century.
Were a myriad of religious and spiritual beliefs replaced by allegiance to one belief?
How was technology exploited in the promotion of Christianity?
The Codex was revealed as the critical technology. With the codex the written word could now be preserved for hundreds, perhaps thousands of years, without much deterioration. It was a physical object containing what was represented to be “Divine Scripture” that could only be interpreted by that very small minority who could read.
What were the economic forces which favored the development of Christianity as the dominant trading managers of the region?
“War is a Racket” writes Smedley Butler, and there is no doubt that
Where did the money come from into the church?
Did conversions to Christianity mean a better trading deal with Roman interests?
Can the rapid spread of Christianity be partly explained with a link to trade?
The foundation of the rapid
spread of Christianity throughout the
What were the economic advantages of founding a new capital
It was a
To what extent did Christianity exploit the tourist and pilgrim market in antiquity?
The first Christian pilgrim
to the “
The real tourist market was
What language is used in the earliest bibles?
The language is Common Greek, as distinct from Attic Greek. All the evidence available points to Greek exemplars, and not Hebrew or Aramaic. The earliest Greek new testament codices extant today are from the 4th century, and include Codex Vaticanus, Codex Alexandrinus and Codex Sinaticus.
When did Latin become popular?
At the end of the 4th century, a number of Latin translations of the Greek writings of the Bible, and of associated literature (such as Eusebius’s Church History, etc) were translated from the Greek into the Latin. For example Jerome, under the tutelage of Damasius translated the Bible to Latin, which was known as the Vulgate. Also Rufinus translated Origen and Eusebius from Greek to Latin.
Was Christianity a rejection or an adaptation of current scientific ideas?
Rejection. Euclid and Plato, preserved in the books of Porphyry,
were ordered to be burnt after the Council of Nicaea, while the Constantine
Bible was replicated 50 times over.
Was there a new science with a new morality?
If there was any science it was heresiology, or the science of Christian heresies, It is sufficient to point out that all the orthodox Christians of the 4th century were heresiologists.
What was the difference between a priest and a bishop?
The term priest will
generally apply to leaders of the non Christian religions and cults, while the
term bishop will generally be applied to the leaders of the Christian religion.
The priesthoods of the Graeco-Roman religious cults and religions were
ubiquitous and very diverse prior to the Council of
"We are not followers of Arius; for how could we,
who are bishops, be disciples of a priest?"
How did becoming Christian change one’s social status?
It conformed one to the
religion embraced by the Emperor. On the
other hand, refusing to acknowledge the majesty of the Emperor’s religion – for
example following the Council of
What was the role of the Emperor in the hierarchy?
Did Christianity bring with it a change fashions, uniforms of bishops (toga to tunic?), new fabrics, chain mail?
Many fashions changed with Nicaean Christianity.
When did the Cross first commence to be worshipped?
In the 4th
When did the Saints and Martyrs first commence to be worshipped?
At the end
of the 4th century. The first Christian Saint appears inside a
book written by Athanasius c.350 CE entitled “The Life of Anthony”, whereas the
first Martyrs appear inside a book written by Eusebius called “The Martyrs of
When and where did trading first commence in Holy Relics, Bones, etc?
The earliest industry may
have been established in
Did Christianity play a major or minor role in unifying the
Christianity played a major role in the unification of the Roman Empire, which had previously been host to a collegiate of disparate religious cults.
What were the changes in education as a result of Christianity?
If the burning of Porphyry containing Euclid and Plato is any indication, much education was set aside for the study of the books of Moses and Constantine. Whatever it is that may be defined by the Greek civilisation, it went out of the Roman Empire to be preserved by the Persian, Arabian and later Islamic civilisation, before it was reintroduced to Europe almost a millennium later.
How were the monasteries established?
It is a generally recognized
fact that Pachomius established the monastic settlements in the early part of
the 4th century, such as the monastery near Nag Hammadi, theorized
to have been involved in the manufacture of the Nag Hammadi Codices in the
years leading up to c.348 CE. Pachomius seems to have experienced a “vision”
c.324 CE which led him away from the city of
Were there new buildings and new cities?
Christian churches, called
basilicas, started to appear with great frequency in the cities of the
Was there a reconstruction of the old buildings, or were the old destroyed?
The old temples were often destroyed to their foundations, and the foundations used to support the construction of the basilicas.
The Bible consists of two
separate sections both written in Greek and both using a series of unique
scribal abbreviations known as the “nomina sacra”.
The old section of the Bible is often called the Old Testament or the Hebrew
Bible. The specific text used by
Was a unifying force needed or required in the empire?
In matters of religion, since
c.222CE, the Persians were united by means of a centralized monotheistic state
religion, the basis of which was a canonized “Holy Writ”. The Persian army had since been vigorous and
there had been a number of Roman embarrassments, where Roman emperors and
entire legions had been captured by the Persians. On the other hand, until
To what extent was there anarchy in the empire when
Were the ideas of “Christ”, “Saviour”, “Ressurrection”, “Trinity”, God, Law-Givers new?
The idea of “Christ” seems to be novel, however it also seems to be very much related to, and possibly conflated with, the idea of “Chrest”. The word “Christos” is related to “anointed” whereas the word “Chrestos” is related to “the Good”. An examination of the actual evidence demonstrates the pre-existence of “Chrestic archaelogy”, and a concerted polemic by the orthodox to conflate “Chrestos” as an earlier form of “Christos”.
The idea of “Saviour” was popularly perceived throughout the Empire in the form of the Graeco-Roman healing god Asclepius. Most emperors up to and including Diocletian patronized Asclepius, however there was a great milieu of religious cults, or various antiquity, and each had their own ideas of salvation, etc.
The notion of resurrection was not foreign to the legends associated with Asclepius, who had to promise to stop raising people from the dead. Apollonius of Tyana, a priest of Asclepius is also reported to have performed a resurrection.
The metaphysics of Plato (via
Plotinus) according to Bertram Russell begins and ends with a Holy Trinity
known as the “One Spirit Soul”. The Holy
Trinity of the Platonists was essentially commandeered by the “
The “God” or “divinity” described by the Platonists was “nondual”, whereas that defined by the Constantine Bible was monotheistic. In the sense that Plato and Socrates were “Law Givers” in the philosophical sense, Eusebius’s chronological research asserted that these Greeks were inferior to Moses and the Hebrew sages.
Did the Barbarian insurgences and resultant population growth effect Christianity?
Barbarian mercenaries were
frequently employed in the Roman army. Alliances between a number of
influential barbarian tribes had been cemented by Constantius Chlorus (
To what extent did Christianity present an ideology acceptable to all people (ie: Roman and Barbarian alike)?
There was a great deal of power placed in the physical books or codices called the Bible, which had been replicated from the Constantine Bible. The book was read in the basilicas by the Bishop or one of his readers to the people. It provided a new unification in the empire, and new opportunities for advancement with the rise of the Christian clergy.
What is the history of Easter, and how was this absorbed by Christianity?
Almost an entire hemisphere
full of living creatures in symphony with the seasons all celebrated the
arrival of the Spring (vernal) equinox as a herald of
the summer sun. This festival was
Does the concept of salvation and after-life (held for
thousands of years by
The ancient world has always had such ancient concepts and ideas, and there is little doubt that many of the ancient Greek ideas were derived from the Egyptians. The Romans in adopting the Greek ideas, and the Greek language itself, also psychologically adopted these concepts from Egypt, which in turn may have been influenced from as far a field as India.
To what extent were these “Upper Class” concepts – spiritual ideology, salvation for every person?
These philosophical concepts were always being discussed by the philosophers who addressed some or all of the classes of people in antiquity. To a more limited extent they were committed to writing, such as for example “Meditations” of the Emperor Marcus Aurelius. With written literature, literacy was a great benefit, and was not available equally to all classes.
Are the soldiers of the 4th century fighting for god?
Many soldiers were mercenaries, who fought for gold.
What or who were they fighting for in the 4th century, and before the 4th century?
Barbarian tribes were increasingly sought by Roman emperors to augment the Roman army. The Roman army was perhaps the most dominant social force in the empire, because there was often great opportunity to advance oneself irrespective of social status. The army fought for the Emperor so long as he continued to pay them their wages and their gold.
Did the Persians have a rejuvenated form of monotheism?
In the early third century
c.222 CE the Persian "King of Kings" Ardashir created a new State
monotheistic religion which he actively promoted, organized, supported and protected,
by legislation. He guaranteed its orthodoxy by the sword. It was characterised by a strong centralised
power structure, centered on the King and his appointed Magi (i.e. academic
temple priests, and their chiefs). A gifted researcher and high cleric of this
religion in the tradition named Tansar was ordered to
gather the scattered "Avesta" of the Mazdeans from ancient sources, and to edit these in order
to reproduce an authorised and canonical version of
the "Avesta", the holy writ of
Zoroastrianism. Finally the Sassanid state monotheistic church was characterised by widespread architectural replication of
square fire-temples for the official religion throughout the major cities and provinces
of the Sassanid
Yes. It was a cold war.
What were the typical Roman battle and campaign tactics?
Establishment of a permanent army came early. They were the professional rulers of their empire for many centuries.
Who was the real enemy of the Romans?
There are a number of ways to answer this question, but I’ll follow Terry Jones and say the real enemy of the Romans were the barbarians. There were Greek "barbarians" (Archimedes speared by a Roman soldier), Irish Celtic "barbarians", British Celtic "barbarians" (and the Druidic priesthoods), Scottish Celtic "barbarians", Gallic Celtic "barbarians", Germanic Celtic "barbarians", Dacian Celtic "barbarians", Jewish and Hebrew "barbarians", Parthian or Persian "barbarians", Goths, Visigoths and Astrogoth "barbarians", the Vandals etc "barbarians", the mysterious Huns … All who were non-Roman, were "barbarians".
Who is liberated with Christianity?
The opportunists who sided
Who is oppressed with Christianity?
Anyone who disagreed with
So who really wrote the New Testament?
The New Testament was the
product of a “Special Codex Project” sponsored by
How was the Old Testament compiled?
The Greek translation of the
Old Testament, now known as the LXX, or the Septuagint, was of great interest
to a 3rd century academic Greek author in Alexandria called Origen
the Platonist. Eusebius apparently inherited the library of Origen, who is
known to have authored the “Hexapla”, a multi-column
publication outlining various Greek translations of the Hebrew Bible. Origen’s Greek translation of the LXX was
Why was the Old Testament used as a basis for the New Testament?
It provided an antiquity for the Hebrews that was asserted to be greater than that of the the Greek civilisation. The books of Moses were being held up by Eusebius as greater than those of Plato. With this foundation, the Greek LXX was data-mined for phrases and prophecies which would appear in the books of the New Testament.
Was the crucifixion of political and religious agitators common or rare in antiquity?
According to his epitome the
Roman historian Florus Quintilius
Varus, in the very early 2nd century 2,000 Jews of
the town Emmaus were crucified by order of Trajan. Trajan was considered to be one of a series
of five “Good Emperors”. On an inscription
from Trajan in the “
Was Christianity a product of 1st century
The evidence of the 1st Century has been examined with great care many times by great minds. There appears to be a vacuum of evidence with respect to anything “Christian” in 1st century.
Was Christianity a product of 4th century Mediterranean culture?
There are a number of sources
available to the 4th century Roman culture out of which Christianity
was fabricated. The history of the
Persian sage Mani and that of his followers, the Manichaeans would have been
available perhaps in
How does the Jesus story fit with the world of the 4th century?
Research of all the available
evidence of the first five centuries of the common era
suggests that Jesus and Christians first appeared on planet Earth with the
Constantine Bible c.325 CE. This of
course caused a major social, intellectual, philosophical and religious
controversy at that time. Arius of
What books did Arius of Alexandria write?
The same research suggests
that Arius of