An Alternate Theory of
the History of Christianity
Article 2: Constantine - supreme imperial mafia thug
The following brief sketch of the life and times of Constantine has been
prepared based on a number of sources for the purpose of providing a background
to perhaps the most intelligent supreme imperial mafia thug that the world
had ever seen, or has ever seen since. It is our thesis that Constantine
sponsored a number of initiatives during his reign, including the creation
from the whole cloth the gospels, the acts of the apostles and the entire
new testament, equipped with quick-reference canon tables, a comprehensive
history of the new Roman religion, and a host of other fictitious literature
to support many of the various events mentioned in the history.
Additionally, our thesis is that Constantine sponsored the perversion of the
extant patristic literature and manuscripts, of Jewish and Roman historians
and writers, by the fraudulent interpolation of "christian references" into
these extant manuscripts, during the early part of the fourth century.
The purpose of this sketch is to provide a background to some of the more
relevant initiatives that Constantine implemented, that are accepted more
or less by most modern historians.
Here is a very brief summary time-line for Constantine:
Event-Date Description of Event ........................................
272-282? Born son of Constatius Chlorus ("Son of a goat-herder from the Danube lands")
293 Father ascends to Tetrarchy (293-306) ... Briton
306 Acclaimed as "Augusta" by his army in Briton.
312 Defeats Maxentius and takes Rome.
313 Edict of Christianity first appears in Rome as a beta-site.
311-317 Massive literature generation program for new Roman religion
318 Literature and propaganda sent to the Eastern empire - Arian Controversy
324 Defeats Lucinius - becomes supreme imperial ruler of the empire.
325 Personal summons issued by Constantine to attendees at Council of Nicaea.
325 Council of Nicaea.
326 Founding of Constantinople - "The City of Constantine" (remained unconquered 1453 CE)
337 Death of Constantine (Buried in his Church of the Holy Apostles)
Breaking of Traditional Political Order
Constantine wanted to reform the entire Roman political system into a new order and arrangement
which was suitable for himself at the time and set about achieving this by a number of reforms:
Separation of Military and Civilian management
Under the traditional political order, power was distributed across many provincial regions of the empire,
by means of provincial governors, who reported directly to the emperor. These governors previously were
responsible for both the civilian and the military matters within that province.
Constantine separated the civilian and military management at the provincial level by creating
a separate position for each task, both of whom reported separately and directly to the emperor.
The regional imperial power was purposefully thus divided by Constantine in order to rule
and at the same time strengthen the empire from siezure (challenges from other mafia thugs
with large armies).
Dismantled the Praetorian Guard
The Praetorian guard traditionally protected the emperor, and represented one of the
top echalons of service in the system of the Roman army. This system was disbanded by
Constantine, and prefects who once acted as Constantine's personal bodyguard were
deployed in these roles of civil administration across the empire. A new select
number of personal bodyguards were appointed, largely from his mercanery barbarian
chieftans, to surround him on practically all occassions.
Newly created Civil Service posts
An entirely new series of personal "Counts" (comites) were appointed throughout
the empire who personally reported to Constantine, in various matters. A Count of the
Private Purse managed Constantine's private revenue, while Counts of the Church Purse
managed income from the newly created churches throughout the empire (See below). A
Master of Offices was required to manage the explosion of imperially appointed administrative
positions created by Constantine. A further series of Counts were appointed to posts
of spies and agents throughout the empire, and beyond, while another series of Counts
were commissioned to administer the function of tax collectors. (See TAX below).
Additionally, Constantine increased the number in the Rome Senatorial class from 600
to 2000. The net effect of all this was a massively increased administration layer,
within which corruption was inevitable. These changes thus had within them the
seeds of an inevitable breakdown of the traditional law and order of the empire.
New Personal Taxation initiatives
The traditional system of taxation under Diocletian involved a fixed annual payment
assessed according to the amount of land, which was payable each four years. To this
tax Constantine introduced a new poll tax per citizen of the empire. The newly
expanded and wealthy Senatorial class was also subjected to an extra tax. Tax
collection officials were thus required to police the new taxation system. The
tax evasion penalties were severe: 5 times the required amount became payable
on failure to pay the default tax, and in other cases, the penalty was death.
Additionally, Constantine required payment of all taxes in either gold or silver,
which forced great hardship on the lower classes, whom traditionally traded in
bronze coins. Constantine melted down gold from the traditional Hellenic temples
and sanctuaries to make gold coins. He devalued gold from 60 gold pieces
per pound (under Diocletian) to 72 gold pieces per pound. Bronze coins lost
all value in the empire, and in many parts of the empire the economy became
devastated. In Campania, Italy, there were massive instances of bankruptcy
and dispossession of lands.
A tax free status was enjoyed by all the new bishops and priests of the new Roman religion,
and in respect of all lands associated with the new Roman religion.
New Personal and Geographical Restrictions
Constantine's new policies resulted in a great restriction of movement within
the empire, such that geographic and social fixity was promoted by the policies
mentioned above, particularly taxation, and the availability of new vocations
to the people of the empire. Family jobs were inherited. The positions of the
fathers being filled by their sons, in trade, in administration and in the army.
Movement within the empire was essentially forbidden. In this manner Constantine
wished to seek an imperial controlled stability in the social order, to maximise
the new taxation regimes, and to minimise the evolution of power which might rise
up against his regimes.
Constantine enjoyed imperial power in the western empire for some 19 years before
his supremacy over the entire east-west empire in 324 CE. At this time, he then
summoned the Council of Nicaea, and set in place a supreme imperial administrative
regime which was to remain and establish itself for the next 13 years until his death,
and then be carried on by his son Constantius II, who ruled the empire, sometimes with
assistance, for the next 24 years, when in 361 CE, the emperor Julian briefly ruled.
These time spans represented a number of generations for the people of the empire,
and during this period, the new political and social and religious orders initiated
by Constantine, were imposed and maintained by imperial power.
Breaking of Traditional (Hellenic) Religious Order
Constantine wanted to reform the traditional Hellenic religious order into a new Roman religious order
and set about achieving this by converting his subjects to the new Roman religion by means of
appeal to the people
in a number of very concrete ways:
Building of Churches (Basilicas)
Constantine constructed hundreds of brand new churches throughout the empire,
usually on separate lands outside the walls of existent cities and towns.
Examples of these brand new churches constructed by Constantine are:
- Basilica of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem, Israel
- Basilica of the Holy Apostles, Constantinople
- Basilica of St. Paul Outside the Walls, Rome
- Basilica of St. Peter, Vatican Valley, Rome
- Basilica of St. Lorenzo, Rome
- Basilica of St. Sebastiano
- Basilica of St. Marcellino
- Basilica of St. Pietro
- Basilica of St. John, Laterano (over barracks of Maxentius' soldiers)
- Basilica of St. Maxentius
- Basilica of Santa Sophia
- Basilica of St. Constantine, Rome
Personal Appointment of his Bishops
Constantine personally appointed his Bishops in the new Roman religion.
Each Bishop was responsible for a small region called a diocese, and enjoyed
the local control of the area in all matters of Roman religion. The more
important administration responsibilities was work involving financial
and administration duties. In total
it has been estimated that the empire hosted in this fashion as many as 1800 of
Constantine's new bishops. Constantine often referred to himself as
"Bishop of bishops", the reference having twofold significance in that the
Greek "episkopos" (bishop) also means "spy".
That he was perceived
to be involved in their activities, was also associated with the extremely
desireable tax-free status that this new Roman religious order enjoyed.
Promotions to the positions available in the new Roman religious order
were thus advantageous for the wealthy.
Bribery to accept the new Roman religious order and Roman rule
When he came into conflict with barabarians such as the Samatians
Constantine bribed them with gold to accept the new
Roman religion and Roman rule. These tactics were very expensive
and rarely succeeded in preventing trouble. This conversion to
the new Roman religious order (ie: christianity) of the barbarians
gave them automatic admission into Constantine's armies. As a result
the Roman armies consisted of an increasing number of Germanic
Plunder of traditional Hellenic temples and shrines
Constantine needed gold to pay for his construction of new churches for his
new Roman religious order, for the construction of his new imperial city
Constantinople, for the massive empire wide administration payroll for
both the civilian posts and the military posts, for the bribes in gold
given to the barbarians, and for other general expenses.
Constantine commenced a plunder on the ancient Hellenic traditional
temples, shrines, lands and literature, which was to last well beyond
his lifetime. The gold was melted down to gold coins. Further details,
tracking the continued plunder of the ancient traditional Hellenic
religious order and its treasures, from Constantine through the next
few hundred years, by the new Roman religious order, may be found
Execution of Hellenic priest/philosopher and others ...
Constantine had the Hellenic philosopher Sopater executed in 332 CE
in the new city of Constantinople.
In 310 he was responsible for the suicide of his father-in-law Maximian,
in 325 he had his brother-in-law Lucinius strangled. In 326, within a
year of the Council of Nicaea, he ordered the killing of his eldest son
Crispus, and then in the same year, had his wife Fausta strangled.
The reason for the murders is unclear, but what is clear is the fact
that Constantine's authority
over all other people in the empire was
total and that,
during his supremacy, he wielded an absolute power.
Author INDEX |
Mountain Man Graphics