An alternative theory of
Lucian of Samosata and the Eusebian fiction postulate
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---- Eunapius, Lives of the Philosophers and Sophists (1921) pp.343-565
A.M Harmon's Introduction to Lucian of Samosata
There are a hundred and fifty manuscripts of Lucian, more or less, which give us a tradition that is none too good. There is no satisfactory critical edition of Lucian except Nilén’s, which is now in progress. His text has been followed, as far as it was available, through the True Story. Beyond this point it has been necessary to make a new text for this edition. In order that text and translation may as far as possible correspond, conjectures have been admitted with considerable freedom: for the fact that a good many of them bear the initials of the translator he need not apologize if they are good; if they are not no apology will avail him. He is deeply indebted to Professor Edward Capps for reviewing his translation in the proof.
g group-- Vaticanus 90 (G), 9/10th century. Harleianus 5694 (E), 9/10th century. Laurentianus C. S. 77 (F), 10th century. Marcianus 434 (W), 10/11th century. Mutinensis 193 (S), 10th century. Laurentianus 57, 51(L), 11th century (?). ß group-- Vindobonensis 123 (B), 11th century (?). Vaticanus 1324 (U), 11/12th century. Vaticanus 76 (P). Vaticanus 1323 (Z). Parisinus 2957 (N). Principal editions :-- Florentine, of 1496, the first edition by J. Lascaris, from the press of L. de Alopa. Hemsterhuys-Reitz, Amsterdam 1743, containing a Latin translation by Gesner, critical notes, variorum commentary and a word-index (C. C. Reitz, 1746). Lehmann, Leipzig 1822-1831, a convenient variorum edition which contains Gesner’s translation but lacks Reitz’s index. Jacobitz, Leipzig 1836-1841, with critical notes, a subject-index and a word-index; it contains the scholia. Jacobitz, Leipzig 1851, in the Teubner series of classical texts. Bekker, Leipzig 1853. Dindorf, Leipzig 1858, in the Tauchnitz series. Fritzsche, Rostock 1860-1882, an incomplete edition containing only thirty pieces; excellent critical notes and prolegomena. Sommerbrodt, Berlin 1886--1899, also incomplete, but lacking only fifteen pieces; with critical appendices. Nilén, Leipzig 1906- , the new Teubner text, with very full critical notes, and part of the Prolegomena in a separate gathering; the text is to appear in eight parts. Also:-- MACLEOD, M.D., 1972-, New edition in Oxford Classical Texts series. G. W. Bowersock, The Sophists in the Roman Empire, Oxford 1969 (chapter 9)
Alexander’s religious activity covered roughly the years A.D. 150-170. The cult which he established outlasted him for at least a century. It was highly unusual in its character, as Cumont observes. Sacred snakes were a regular feature of sanctuaries of Asclepius ; but to give a serpent a human head and style it the god incarnate was a distinct innovation. Moreover, the proper function of Asclepius was to heal the sick, who passed the night in his temple, expecting either to be cured while they slept or to have some form of treatment suggested to them in their dreams. But at Abonoteichus we hear nothing of incubation, and only incidentally of healing; the “new Asclepius” deals in oracles like Apollo, and gives advice on any subject. This, together with Alexander’s extravagant claims of divine descent, confirms Lucian in his appraisal of him as an out-and-out charlatan, aiming to play upon the gross credulity of the times and to secure the greatest gain with the least effort.
Lucian was in a position to know a good deal about Alexander, and clearly believes all that he says. Without doubt his account is essentially accurate, but it need not be credited absolutely to the letter. Lucian was no historian at best, and he was angry. In the account of his relations with Alexander he reveals his own personality more clearly than usual, but not in a pleasant light. The piece was written at the request of a friend, after A.D. 180, when Alexander had been in his grave for ten years.
This is the master index for the four volume Fowler and Fowler translation of the works of Lucian of Samosata. This includes most of Lucian's works, with the notable exception of The Syrian Goddess. There are other 'expurgations' noted in the Preface.
NOTICE OF ATTRIBUTION: This text is in the public domain in the United States because it was published prior to January 1st, 1923. Volumes I-III based on etexts developed by Project Gutenberg, with additional proofing and formatting at sacred-texts.com. Volume IV was scanned, proofed and formatted at sacred-texts.com, March 2006, by John Bruno Hare. These files may be used for any non-commercial purpose, provided this notice of attribution accompanies any copies.
A Literary Prometheus
Nigrinus. A Dialogue
Trial In The Court Of Vowels
Timon The Misanthrope
Prometheus On Caucasus
Dialogues of the Gods
Dialogues of the Sea-Gods
Dialogues of the Dead
Sale of Creeds
Voyage To The Lower World
VOLUME II: The Dependent Scholar Apology For 'the Dependent Scholar' A Slip Of The Tongue In Salutation Hermotimus, Or The Rival Philosophies Herodotus And Aëtion Zeuxis and Antiochus Harmonides The Scythian The Way to Write History The True History The Tyrannicide The Disinherited Phalaris Alexander The Oracle-monger Of Pantomime Lexiphanes
VOLUME III: Life Of Demonax A Portrait-study Defence of the 'Portrait-Study' Toxaris: A Dialogue Of Friendship Zeus Cross-examined Zeus Tragoedus The Cock Icaromenippus, An Aerial Expedition The Double Indictment The Parasite, A Demonstration That Sponging Is A Profession Anacharsis, A Discussion Of Physical Training Of Mourning The Rhetorician's Vade Mecum The Liar Dionysus, An Introductory Lecture Heracles, An Introductory Lecture Swans and Amber The Fly, An Appreciation Remarks Addressed to an Illiterate Book-fancier
VOLUME IV : Slander, a Warning The Hall Patriotism Dipsas, the Thirst-Snake A Word With Hesiod The Ship: Or, The Wishes Dialogues of the Hetaerae The Death of Peregrine The Runaways Saturnalia Cronosolon Saturnalian Letters A Feast of Lapithae Demosthenes, An Encomium The Gods in Council The Cynic The Purist Purized Notes Explanatory of Allusions to Persons, &c.