Thesis in Ancient History: Constantine Invented Christianity
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External Papers Index
Monetary, fiscal, military, political, and economic issues are all very much intertwined. And they are all so intertwined because any state normally seeks to monopolize the supply of money within its own territory.... ...[...]..... The Roman monetary crisis therefore was closely connected with the Roman military problem. problems become solvable when a ruler decides that something can be done and must be done. Diocletian and Constantine clearly were willing to act to protect their own ruling-class interests, the military and the civil service. Monetary reforms were necessary to win the support of the troops and the bureaucrats, who composed the only real constituency of the Roman state, and the two-tier system was designed to this end. It brought about a stable monetary standard for the ruling group, who did not hesitate to secure it at the expense of the mass of the population. The Roman state survived. The liberty of the Roman people did not
"Not only this, but they also deny that he [Jesus] took a human soul, while they prepare the same thing as beforehand. For they profess that he has true flesh from Mary, and all things as much as are in man, without a soul."
In these two passaged Epiphanius states that Lucian of Antioch and the lucianists, whose members included Arius, professed that Christ had no human soul.
....Bardy finds no trace of such a doctrine in Lucian.
On the Gospel of Thomas:
"The gnosis of the earliest Gnostics, therefore, would appear to be: not a mystery, but a studious collocation of the mysteries; a philological discipline which aims to be the master, not the servant, of philosophy; a parliament of symbols which does not proclaim a new code of belief."